Interview as a way of collecting information: strategy of concerns

It is important to tell apart interviews as a technique of collecting information and interviewing as being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two different ways are:

  • observation, once the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness of this event,
  • using the services of documents, in which the document means any product provider texts that are containing images.

Forms of interviews and their function

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in change are split into:

  • genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the characteristics of an individual, then to reflect them into the text).

The reportage interview had been discussed into the chapter that is previous. Concerning the investigative will find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is meeting as being a genre, as a method of text formatting in the form of questions from a interviewer additionally the answers associated with interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the quantity of concerns associated with the researcher is minimized (they generally are no after all), in the other pole – a discussion, when the journalist not merely asks questions, but also speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact that the meeting is a conversation, suggests concerning the exact same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Within the typical interview, the interviewer answers take 70-90% of this text. A discussion can be carried out by way of a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the viewpoint with this journalist has also been interesting to visitors, because the viewpoint associated with interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Forms of interviews with regards to the topic. Subject meeting

Depending on the topic, you can find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the subject meeting is their state of things in every industry of activity. Usually this is certainly a job interview with an expert, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he’s linked to this situation. As an example, an officer tells simple tips to protect a flat from thieves. The physician explains how exactly to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The financial consultant makes a forecast how long the crisis may be regarding the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of interest.

The structure associated with the interview that is subject of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s connection with the subject. Then there’s a parsing of this subject for the true purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The topic interview ends because of the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical tips to readers.

The hero associated with interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This might be a given information interview, one of many news genres. The duty for the journalist is always to learn whenever you can the facts and information on just what happened. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.

Written by Anička Jandová